…that it is just a matter of small difference in the attitude that made a large difference in the Indian and American constitution. Atanu highlights it:
The essential difference between the Indian and the US constitution (in my opinion, and I am not a constitutional expert) is that the former empowers the government relative to the people, while the latter empowers the people and puts restrictions on the power of governments. I attribute that difference to the difference in the value-systems of the people framing the constitutions. The Indian framers were setting themselves up as the rulers of the people of India; in the US case, they were aiming to take power away from the government and vest it in the people.